Icon Tax Group: International Taxation – Operating Mexican Maquiladoras


by Michael Lodge

There is always the issue of facing possibilities of double taxation when operating a business or earning money outside the United States.  The IRS has stated new guidelines regarding double taxation when operating a Mexican Maquiladoras.  Some of you are asking – what is a Maquiladoras?  A Maquiladoras a factory in Mexico run by a foreign company and exporting its products to the country of that company.  Now just remember that Trump has been talking about US companies putting up factories in Mexico and moving jobs out of the United States.  A real problem.  The IRS has now established how to operate in Mexico as a foreign-owned factory and avoid double taxation.  One has to wonder if this is a move during the political season.  They make the following statement, “It is an important step forward in strengthening ties between the two governments and providing certainty in the taxation of multinationals”, when did the IRS become involved in strengthening ties between governments?  Perhaps I am being too untrusting, so let’s read what they have to say.

The Internal Revenue Service today announced that U.S. taxpayers with maquiladora operations in Mexico will not be exposed to double taxation if they enter into a unilateral advance pricing agreement (APA) with the Large Taxpayer Division of Mexico’s Servicio de Administración Tributaria (SAT) under terms discussed in advance between the U.S. and Mexican competent authorities.

Maquiladoras typically operate in Mexico as contract manufacturers of foreign multinationals.

This announcement represents the culmination of two years of collaboration between the competent authorities to address SAT’s current inventory of approximately 700 pending unilateral APA requests in the maquiladoras industry.  It is an important step forward in strengthening ties between the two governments and providing certainty in the taxation of multinationals.

In 1999, the U.S. and Mexican competent authorities reached an agreement on transfer pricing and other aspects of the tax treatment of maquiladoras of U.S. multinational enterprises.  The new agreement updates and expands upon the 1999 agreement in order to reflect recent revisions to Mexican domestic tax rules governing transfer pricing rules, documentation requirements and other tax attributes of maquiladoras.

The centerpiece of the discussions between the competent authorities is an election SAT would extend to qualifying taxpayers with pending unilateral APA requests.  These taxpayers may elect to apply a transfer pricing framework that the U.S. and Mexican competent authorities have agreed in advance will produce arm’s length results.  Qualifying taxpayers that decline the election may apply the safe harbors provided by the 1999 Agreement or file a request for a bilateral APA with the U.S. and Mexican competent authorities.  (See Rev. Proc. 2015-41, 2015-35 IRB 263, for further information on filing a bilateral APA request with APMA.)

SAT will release details shortly about the election and will directly notify qualifying Mexican taxpayers.  The notification will include details on the steps the taxpayers must take with regard to their pending unilateral APA requests.

Because the transfer pricing framework adopted under SAT’s program was discussed and agreed upon with the U.S. competent authority in advance, the transfer pricing results set forth in unilateral APAs executed between SAT and Mexican affiliates of U.S. taxpayers pursuant to this program will be regarded as “arm’s length” under section 482 of the Internal Revenue Code.

In conjunction with the 1999 agreement, this announcement will provide certainty for U.S. taxpayers regarding double taxation, foreign tax credits and permanent establishments in relation to transactions with their maquiladoras.  Further guidance on the U.S. taxable years and tax consequences of these unilateral APAs will be included in a forthcoming IRS practice unit.

Consult with your tax accountant on this issue.  There are international tax treaties in place that identify the tax rules between countries in reporting income and paying taxes.  If you have a question send us an email at:  tax@icontaxgroup.com