by Michael Lodge
Many small clients make things, or they sell things, and they never really quite understand the term Cost Of Goods Sold or as accounts call it COGS. Remember that term the next time you sit down with your accountant. If you have a question on COGS, call our office at: 877.778.1770 or send an email to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Definition: Cost of goods sold is the accumulated total of all costs used to create a product or service, which has been sold. These costs fall into the general sub-categories of direct labor, materials, and overhead.
If your business manufactures products or purchases them for resale, you generally must value inventory at the beginning and end of each tax year to determine your cost of goods sold. Some of your expenses may be included in figuring the cost of goods sold. The cost of goods sold is deducted from your gross receipts to figure your gross profit for the year. If you include an expense in the cost of goods sold, you cannot deduct it again as a business expense.
The following are types of expenses that go into figuring the cost of goods sold.
The cost of products or raw materials, including freight
Direct labor costs (including contributions to pensions or annuity plans) for workers who produce the products
Under the uniform capitalization rules, you must capitalize the direct costs and part of the indirect costs for certain production or resale activities. Indirect costs include rent, interest, taxes, storage, purchasing, processing, repackaging, handling, and administrative costs.
This rule does not apply to personal property you acquire for resale if your average annual gross receipts (or those of your predecessor) for the preceding 3 tax years are not more than $10 million.